Department of Cultural Affairs, Government of Kerala

Hajjur inscription

The Hajjur inscription was issued by Ay king Karunandadakan (AD 857-83) in AD 866 (Kollavarsham 41). It documents the purchase of a land at Uzhakudivila from Munchira Sabha in exchange of another land. A Lord Vishnu temple and a Veda padasala (residential Veda learning centre) were built in the new land. The Veda padasala, modeled on the Kanthallor Sala, had the facility to accommodate 95 Veda students.

The inscription says that "anekayiram kalampadu nilam" (one kalam = ten para (a measuring vessel)) were provided for the expenses of the temple and the Veda padasala. Besides Veda coaching, weapon training was also given here. The functioning of the vidyapeedams (educational institutions) during that time can be learnt from the inscriptions. Karunandadakan, who had the titles "Sree Vallabhan" and "Parthivasekharan" named this place as Parthivasekharapuram. Later a corrupt version of the name "Parthivapuram" became popular.

The Parthivapuram Lord Vishnu temple is situated at Vilavamcode taluk in Kanyakumari district.

The inscription is the first of its kind in South India in which Kalivarsham is recorded with the number of days. It says that the inscription was made when 14,49,087 days passed since the birth of Kalivarsham.

The inscription is estimated to be dated back to July 7, 866.

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